Dental caries often begins on the chewing surfaces of the molars. However, a dentist can help prevent tooth decay or reduce morbidity by using sealants.
Dental plaque is the cause of tooth decay. It is a thin, sticky, colorless film composed mostly of bacteria that constantly builds up on teeth. The moment sugar-containing foods enter the mouth, plaque bacteria produce acid, which acts on the tooth enamel. After repeated “acid attacks” the enamel is destroyed and a cavity is formed.
A sealant is a transparent or white material that is applied to the chewing surfaces of molars. The sealant acts as a barrier to protect the tooth surface from plaque acid.
Fissures are formed on the chewing surface of the teeth during the eruption and development of teeth. They cannot be kept perfectly clean as the toothbrush bristles do not reach the bottom.
Fissures are good places for plaque and food debris. The sealant forms a thin film over the fissure, preventing food from penetrating it, and the risk of caries is reduced.
Most often, sealants are used in kids’ dentistry. Fissure sealing can be effectively combined with the local application of fluoride preparations, which maximally combat caries on smooth surfaces.
At My Tooth Fairy’s, we will keep your kid’s smile nice and healthy. Do you need a professional consultation or need urgent help? Contact us to book an appointment and we’ll gladly provide you with the needed help.